Voluntary contributions and wages in nonprofit organizations

Publication: Scientific journalJournal articlepeer-review


Voluntary work provides a major source of labor for many nonprofit organizations. Consequences of volunteers and paid staff working alongside each other in nonprofits are well documented. This article contributes to this strand of literature and investigates whether the presence of volunteer work influences paid employees' wages in nonprofit organizations. We estimated a multilevel wage equation accounting for personal characteristics of workers and characteristics of nonprofits. The analysis revealed that nonprofit organizations engaging volunteers pay lower wages to their employees. Our findings contribute to the understanding of wage-setting behavior of nonprofits and improve the methodological approach of empirical research in this field.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181 - 191
JournalNonprofit Management & Leadership
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Austrian Classification of Fields of Science and Technology (ÖFOS)

  • 509012 Social policy
  • 502001 Labour market policy
  • 502023 NPO research
  • 502025 Econometrics

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