Work-sharing for a sustainable economy

Publication: Working/Discussion PaperWU Working Paper

Abstract

Achieving low unemployment in an environment of weak growth is a major policy challenge;
a more egalitarian distribution of hours worked could be the key to solving it. Whether worksharing
actually increases employment, however, has been debated controversially. In this
article we present stylized facts on the distribution of hours worked and discuss the role of
work-sharing for a sustainable economy. Building on recent developments in labor market
theory we review the determinants of working long hours and its effect on well-being. Finally,
we survey work-sharing reforms in the past. While there seems to be a consensus that worksharing
in the Great Depression in the U.S. and in the Great Recession in Europe was successful in reducing employment losses, perceptions of the work-sharing reforms
implemented between the 1980s and early 2000s are more ambivalent. However, even the most critical evaluations of these reforms provide no credible evidence of negative
employment effects; instead, the overall success of the policy seems to depend on the economic and institutional setting, as well as the specific details of its implementation. (authors' abstract)
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationVienna
PublisherWU Vienna University of Economics and Business
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2015

Publication series

NameEcological Economic Papers
No.4

WU Working Paper Series

  • Ecological Economic Papers

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